Alphabetical by last name.
- BA, International Relations, Stanford University, 1990.
- MA, Religious Studies, UC Santa Barbara, 1999.
- Certificate, Center for Arabic Study Abroad, American University in Cairo, 2000.
- Areas of Study at UCSB: Islam, Modern Islamic Political Movements, Middle Eastern Politics, Algerian Civil War, Women and Gender in the Middle East, Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and Human Rights.
- Title of Master’s Thesis: “Ramadan’s Killing Fields: Sacrifice and National Struggle in Algeria.”